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C++ Programming SS2019

Important news

First lecture and exercises

The first lecture (and exercise class) will take place on Friday, 26.04. at 14:00 in C2.

Course material

The slides and exercise sheets will be uploaded on this page.

 

Material
slidesexercisescode

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slides_01

slides_02

slides_03

sheet_00

sheet_01

sheet_02

sheet_03

 

nullptr

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The gtest framework example showed in the exercises: gtest_example.zip

For details please refer to: https://github.com/google/googletest

 

Compiler builtins for over-/ underflow detection:

    VirtualBox machine image containing an Ubuntu OS with different C++ compilers (gcc, clang) and development environments (VS Code, Eclipse and more) pre-installed:

    • cppp.ova (caution the virtual machine image comes as a 5.4 GB compressed file, the uncompressed file is approx. 12 GB in size).
    • password: 'cppp19'

    In order to run the virtual machine (or computer), that is contained in the cppp.ova file, you have to install VirtualBox first. For the installation please download the Virtual Box plattform package for your corresponding operating system (and install it). You probably want to install the VirtualBox Extentsion Pack as well. Once VirtualBox is installed you can run it. Import the virtual computer contained in the .ova file: In the 'File' menu of VirtualBox please choose 'Import Appliance' and follow the instructions. After having successfully imported the machine you should be able to start it and a new window with the Ubuntu OS booting should pop up. (You do not have to set things up in advance; this is part of the first exercise.)

    A simple Makefile and CMake project can be found in the '~/Programs/' directory of the virtual machine.

    Time and place

    The teaching language will be English, but questions in German will be permitted.

    Lectures:

    Fri 14:00-16:00 at C2

    Exercise classes:

    Fri 16:00-18:00 at C2

    Schedule of the exercise class might change depending on the majority rule.

    Registering and asking questions

    You have to register in the PAUL system in order to attend the course.

    Please feel free to ask questions during the exercises or send mail.

    Abstract

    C++ is a general purpose programming language and one of the most popular languages for both systems programming and application programming. The language allows you to write programms close to the metal and gives the programmer full control over the systems resources but C++ includes decent mechanisms for abstractions as well. Another observation is that programms written in C++ often result in highly efficient machine code, since the language maps very well to the von Neumann architecture. These are just a few characteristics of the language which make it to be in great demand.


    The more recent standards like C++11, C++14 and C++17 (often called modern C++) provide new powerful mechanisms and concepts that make programming in this language a lot easier than a few years ago.


    During this course you will learn the basics (and probably a bit more) about modern C++ which provides a powerful tool for solving problems.

    Prerequisites

    The C++ programming language is taught from scratch, so students without any programming background are welcome!

    Syllabus

    During the semester, we are going to study the following concepts in C++ programming:

    Background and basic introduction:

    • history of C and C++
    • programming enviroments
    • basic terms / concepts

    Basic C++ programming:

    • primitive variable types
    • expressions / statements
    • functions
    • memory management / pointers / arrays
    • structures / unions / enumerations
    • strings / vectors
    • classes
    • smart pointers / move semantics

    The C++ standard template library (STL):

    • IO library
    • containers
    • generic algorithms

    Advanced techniques:

    • operator overloading
    • template programming
    • object-oriented programming
    • embarrassing parallel: OpenMP

    Useful libraries for further projects:

    • common used C++ libraries

    Learning outcomes

    After having attended this course, students might obtain following benefits:

    • understand modern C++
    • be confident to take advanced courses that require C++ programming
    • the ability to easily realize elegant programming tasks / projects
    • promoted from a C programmer to a state-of-art C++ programmer
    • the ability to develop a real object-oriented program
    • gain additional understanding of how a computer works
    • better understanding of (computationally) problems
    • know where to find the desired information to realize a challenging task on your own

    Useful literature

    [1] A Tour of C++, Stroustrup 2013 (overview)

    [2] The C++ Programming Language (4th Edition), Stroustrup 2013 (details)

    [3] C++ reference: http://en.cppreference.com (reference)

    [4] C++ Tutorial: http://www.cplusplus.com/doc/tutorial/ (a nice tutorial)

    [5] CppCon experts sharing their knowledge: https://www.youtube.com/user/cppcon (really advanced concepts)

    Assignments

    There will be weekly exercise sheets. The aim of the exercise sheets is to deepen your knowledge and your understanding of the C++ programming language. You need to achieve at least 50% of all points to be admitted to the final (small) project.

    In the final project you have to create a small command-line application which implements a useful algorithm. During the project you will make use of the previous learned contents.

    The weekly exercise classes (see above) serve the following purposes: present the solution of the previous exercise sheet, answer questions and give some hints for the current exercise sheet.

    If you have questions to the organization of the course, the topic, to the exercises or you get stuck during solving the exercises, please contact me via email. I try to answer as soon as possible.